Шакирова Т.И. Учебно-методический практикум для письменных заданий - файл n1.doc

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Рекомендации к оформлению личного письма – Writing a personal letter.




  1. Адрес пишущего указывается в правом верхнем углу




  1. Под адресом дата. Например:

Saturday, March 1st, 1999,

или менее официально: 9 September 1999;

09/09/1999


  1. Письмо начинается с обращения.

Например: Dear Sally,

Dear Aunt Jane,

Dear Mr. Brown,

My darling,

После обращения ставится запятая.


  1. В начале письма автор обычно:

А) благодарит адресата за ранее полученную корреспонденцию, например:

Thanks for …, Many thanks for…,

How nice of you to…,

I was awfully glad to get your letter…

Б) извиняется, что не писал раньше, например:

I must apologize for not writing…

I really should have written sooner…


  1. Основная часть письма. В ней должны быть раскрыты все аспекты, указанные в задании.




  1. В конце письма автор обычно упоминает о дальнейших контактах, например:

I will write again soon.

Looking forward to seeing you.

Hope to hear from you soon.


  1. Завершающая фраза письма зависит от степени близости автора и адресата, после нее всегда ставится запятая, ниже приводятся пять возможных вариантов от наименее формального (1) к более формальному (5).

    1. I love you so much,

    2. Lots of love, Much love,

    3. Love,

    4. Best wishes, All the best,

    5. Yours.




  1. Подпись автора. Личные письма подписываются без указания фамилии: Sally, David, знаки препинания после подписи не ставятся.



Exercise 1. In A there are 4 kinds of letters. In B there are expressions which can be found in these letters. Match the expressions with the letters. An expression might go with more than one letter.

A B

1. Giving news a. That you for inviting me to …

b. George and I are having a party on Saturday, and we’d love you to come…

2. Inviting c. I look forward to hearing from you soon…

d. Just a quick note to say thank you…

3. Accepting an invitation e. Sorry I haven’t written for so long, but I’ve been terribly busy…

f. I’d love to come. See you then!

4. Thank-you-letter after g. It was so lovely to see you again after so long …

a weekend visit. h. Give my regards to …
Exercise 2. Look at the organization of the following informal letter.

Address

38 Clifton Gardens

London NW6

Date

27 September 1991

Beginning

Dear Maria,

Previous contacts

Thank you for your letter. I’m very pleased that we are going to be pen friends. I’ll tell you a little about myself and you can do the same when you write me.

Body of the letter.

I live in an area of London called Maida Vale. It’s quite near the centre, but there are parks nearby where I take my dog, Mickey for a walk. I live with my parents and my younger brother, Paul.

I go to the local comprehensive school, where I have a lot of friends. At the weekends I like going swimming or horse-riding.

Further contacts

I am looking forward to hearing from you.

Ending

Much love,

Name

Francis Janes


Exercise 3. It’s important to try to correct your won mistakes when you write. Look at the letter that a student has written to her friend. Her teacher has used symbols to show her the kind of mistakes she has made: T – Tense WW – Wrong word P – Punctuation

Gr – Grammar WO – Word order \/ - Word missing

Pr p – Preposition Sp – Spelling

Read the letter and correct the mistakes.

18 Greencroft Gardens

London NW 6

Tuesday 10 May

Dear Stephanie,

Prep Gr

How are you? I’m very well. I came to London two weeks ago for to study at a language school.

P Gr Gr

I want\/ learn nglish because\/is a very important language. I’m stay with a English family

Gr Gr

Called Bennet. They have two son and a daughter. Mr Bennet is\/ teacher, and Mrs Bennet work

Gr

in a hospital. English people is very kind, but they speak very quickly!

P WW WW

I study in the morning. My teachers name is Ann. She said me my English is OK, but I do a

Gr WO

lot of mistakes. Ann don’t give us too much homework, so in the afternoons I go always sightsee

Gr WO Gr Prep

ing. London is much more big than my town. I like very much painting, and I’ very interesting for
modern art, so I visit galleries and museums. I have met a girl called Christina. She came from

Gr Gr

Greece and she have a lovely flat near Regent’s Park. Last night we go to the cinema, but the film

Sp

wasn’t very exiting.

WW

Do you like to visit me in London? Why don’t you come for a weekend?
Write to me soon. I’d love to see you.
Love,

Kati


Exercise 4. You have received a letter from your English pen friend Phil who writes:

“ …Thank you for the photo of your friend and yourself that you sent me in the previous letter. I would like to know more about your friend. Where did you meet? What are his hobbies? How do you spend your free time together?

We moved to a new house and I had to change a school…”

Write a letter to Phil. In your letter:



Exercise 5. You have received a letter from your English pen friend Tom who writes:

I need some money to go on holidays with my friends at the end of August. Do you think I should find a job? Have you or your friends done summer jobs? I’m thinking of working as a waiter for a few weeks. Do you think it’s a good ides? What other jobs do you think I could do? And what do you think the problems might be? Let me know what you think.

Write soon.

Love,

Tom

Write back to Tom answering his questions.

Remember the rules of letter writing.

Exercise 6. Write the letters:
a) This a part of a letter from Susie, your English pen friend:

Guess what! My parents say I can have a pet for my birthday. Isn’t that fantastic? I’m not sure what kind of a pet to get, though. Have you got a pet? What do you think I should get? Do you think dogs are too much trouble to look after? Maybe I should get a cat, or a hamster. Let me know what you think!
Write back to Susie answering her questions.
b) This a part of a letter from Maxine, your English pen friend.

It’s my parents’ 20th wedding anniversary next week. Do you think I should organize a celebration? Have you ever organized anything like that? We could have a party, or go out for a meal, or maybe do something else? What do you think would be a good idea?

Love,

Maxine

Write back to Maxine answering her questions.
c) You got a letter from your English pen friend Alice. She writes that there are two hobby clubs in her school: dancing and aerobics. She doesn’t know what to choose and asks you for advice. Write back to Alice. Give your advice, presenting your reasons.
d) You got a letter from your pen friend Kevin. He writes that he is dreaming about a motorbike, but his parents think that it is better to buy a good bicycle. He asks you about your opinion. Write him back, give your advice presenting your reasons.
e) During your stay in Great Britain you went on a one day trip to Longleat, which is the house and the park of Lord Bath.

Read the plan of your tour and the notes you made.

Write a letter to your friend John describing your visit, what you liked or disliked and why. Remember the rules of letter writing


Exercise 7. The envelope.

The sender – отправитель

The sender’s company name – компания - отправитель

The return address – обратный адрес

The sender’s street/flat/apartment – улица/квартира отправителя

The sender’s town / the town the letter comes from – город, откуда приходит письмо

The ZIP Code – индекс

The Zip Code in the return address – индекс в обратном адресе

The addressee - адресат

The addressee’s company name – компания-адресат

The mailing address – адрес, куда отправлена

The street name/flat/apartment in the mailing address – улица/квартира адресата

The town the letter goes to - город, куда идет письмо

The Zip Code in the mailing address – индекс адре сата

Exercise 8. Перед Вами конверт






Соотнесите информацию под определенным номером на конверте с тем, что она обозначает.

ВАРИАНТЫ ОТВЕТОВ:

A) 

the addressee’s company name

  

B) 

the street name in the mailing address

C) 

the ZIP Code in the mailing address

  

D) 

the town the letter comes from

E) 

the addressee

  

F) 

the ZIP Code in the return address






Exercise 9. Answer the questions (1-6) using the information given on the envelope. Find the answers (A-I).

1. Who is the sender?

2. Where is Miss Annette Twain from?

3. Where does Miss Annette Twain live?

A. Peter Ivanov;

B. Miss Annette Twain;

C. Russia;

D. the USA;

E. in Tomsk;

F. in Appleton Wisconsin;

G. 345789;

H. 10016;

I. Pushkin Street.


4. What is the Zip Code in the mailing address?

5. Who is the addressee?

6 What is the street name in the mailing address?

Miss Annette Twain

56 Fletcher Street

Apt.34

Appleton, Wisconsin 10016

USA
Peter Ivanov

39 Pushkin Street

Apt. 2

Tomsk, Russia 345 789



PART V

Рекомендации к оформлению официального письма – Writing a formal letter.

1. Имя и фамилия частного лица или название фирмы, адрес, включая почтовый код.

и телефон указывается в верхнем правом углу,

2. Под адресом после пропуска строки указывается дата.
Порядок написания даты в британском варианте дата/месяц/год; в американском варианте месяц/дата/год.

Чтобы избежать непонимания, лучше писать месяц не цифрой, а словами.

Ср.: британский вариант: 12/02/99 - американский вариант: 02/12/99

3. Имя и адрес человека, которому адресовано письмо.

4. После пропуска строки, обращение, которое обычно начинается словом Dear (в американской деловой переписке после обращения ставится двоеточие).

Например: Dear Sir, Dear Madam, Dear Sir/Madam, Dear Mr. White.

Перед именем и фамилией адресата употребляется сокращениеMr.Mrs., Ms., Miss). Если вы не знаете фамилии адресата, рекомендуется писать его должность. (Director of Personnel/ Attention: (Atten.:) Director of Personnel).

5. Вводная часть, например, ссылка на объявление в газете:
With reference to your advertisement in... for...

После обращения к адресату следует оставить 2 интервала. Текст письма печатать через один интервал.

6. Объяснение цели написания письма. Если это письмо с просьбой о принятии на работу, следует указать каким опытом и знаниями обладает пишущий. Можно использовать следующие формулы:

I wish to gain experience of...

Having already worked as... for (time). I wish to extend my experience/feel I could be useful to you... I feel that my qualifications match your requirements...

7. Приводятся дополнительные детали, которые могут заинтересовать работодателя, но эта часть не должна быть слишком длинной.

8. Фраза о желательности дальнейших контактов.
Например: I look forward to hearing from you.

I should be glad to attend an interview.

I could come for an interview at any time which would suit you.

9. Завершающая фраза.

Yours faithfully - если обращение Dear Sir/Madam

Yours sincerely ~ если обращение Dear Mr. Brown, Dear Mrs. Jones

10. Подпись.

Подпись должна быть читаема, и ниже ее рекомендуется расшифровать печатными буквами. Если отправитель занимает в фирме определенную должность, то она указывается под своей фамилией.

Если вы посылаете письмо с приложением, то следует это указать: Enclosure (или Encl.)

Желательно, чтоб письмо умещалось на одной странице. Следует также обращать внимание на то, чтобы начало и конец письма находились на одинаковом расстоянии от верхнего и нижнего края.


Example

1. Mark Morrison

59 River Street

Cardiff

C11 JW

Tel. (212)424-4600
2. 12th February 1999

3. The Editor

The Swansea Gazette

27 New Hall Road

Swansea

3ST 1DR
4. Dear Sir or Madam,

5. I would like to apply for the post of the trainee reporter which was advertised in yesterday’s edition of the Swansea gazette.

6. I am 17 years old and will be leaving school at the end of this academic year and I have six O levels. I am studying English and Economics at A level.

7. I have been included in the production of my school’s news letters for the last 2 years and I have a keen interest in local affairs.

8. I look forward to hearing from you.

9. Yours faithfully,

10. Mark Morrison

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