Брунова Е.Г. Практикум и тесты по правилам чтения английских слов и предложений Ч.II(для студентов неязыковых специальностей) - файл n1.rtf

Брунова Е.Г. Практикум и тесты по правилам чтения английских слов и предложений Ч.II(для студентов неязыковых специальностей)
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START



house

sound

group

about

mouth

cow

soup

out

brown

mouse

bought

south


soul

country

though

throw

town

round



FINISH
10. Write the words from the box in the correct column according to their stress patterns.
economics economy physics chemistry

mathematics sociology history geology

photography nation nationality geometry



■ □

■ □ □

□ ■ □ □

□ □ ■ □ □

□ □ ■ □

















11. Fill the gaps with a word from the box which has the stress pattern given. There is one extra word. Then listen and check.
biology mathematics history geography

Sociology chemistry physics
My favourite subjects at school were sciences, especially   _____ and    ____. I’ve always been good with numbers, so I was good at    _______. I didn’t really like the social science subjects like     _______, and   _____, that’s strange because when I went to university I did    ____.


'photograph pho'tography photo'graphic

e'conomy eco'nomics eco'nomical

'national natio'nality 'nationalise nationali'sation

'civil ci'vility 'civilise civili'sation



Model: society, sociology ( □ ■  ), sociological

1) civil, civilise, __________ ( □ □ ■ )

2) _________ (□ ■ □ □), biologist, biological

3) personal, _________ (□ □ ■ □ □), personalise

4) legal, legalise, _____________ (□ □ □ ■ )

5) _______ ( ), authority, authorise

UNIT 6

Ударные и безударные слова в предложении


18. В предложении следующие слова всегда являются ударными:

Глаголы, e.g. 'help

Существительные, e.g. 'town

Прилагательные, e.g. 'quick

Глаголы с послелогами, e.g. 'look 'out

Вспомогательные и модальные глаголы в отрицательной форме, e.g. 'don’t, 'can’t

Вопросительные местоимения, e.g. 'what, 'why


19. Как правило, следующие слова являются безударными в предложении:

местоимения, e.g. your

глагол to be

вспомогательные и модальные глаголы в положительной форме, e.g. do, can

союзы, e.g. and, or

предлоги, e.g. to, from




a)  □ ■

What’s your name? Close the door.

Tom was right. Wait and see.

Dogs can swim. Go to bed!
b)  That man.

 □ ■ That’s the man.

 □ □ ■ That was the man.

 □ □ □ ■ That could be the man.



■ ■, ■ 

Don’t move! Take care!

Keep calm! Stay there!
■ ■ ■

Go straight on!

Don’t look down!

Go straight on!

Don’t turn round!
■ ■,  □ ■

Don’t stop! Carry on!

Run! Run! Get away!

Quick! Quick! Hurry up!



down be stay stand take

1) Don’t sleep! awake!

Get dressed! Don’t late!

2) still! Stay there!

Don’t move! care!

3) Say please! Don’t rude!

Sit ! Eat your food!
4. Put stresses in these small texts then read them aloud. Mind stressed and unstressed words and pauses at the end of the sentences.
1) We don’t like coffee breaks. I mean we just get a coffee or tea and take it back to our desks. But it’s dangerous. People sometimes knock the drink over the computer, you know.

2) I didn’t go to the concert because I lost my ticket. I didn’t actually lose it, it was in my jeans pocket and I put it in the washing machine. So, I went to the door of the theatre and they said it was no good.

3) I can never guess the weather right. If I wear a warm shirt, the weather’s hot. If I wear cool clothes, there’s a cold wind. When I don’t take my umbrella, does it rain? Of course, not! Then I leave it in the bus!
5. Letters and Sounds (revision). Put these words in the correct square in the table. Do not write in the shaded squares.
Boy here share shy she toy

Beer hair high he bore pier

Bear buy be pour tea tie

Pair deer pea we die pie

Dare door fear four wear why

Fair wore tear





[ɔı]

[ɔ:]

ə]

[eə]

[aı]

[i:]

[w]



















[f]



















[d]



















[p]



















[t]



















[b]

boy
















[h]



















[ ʃ ]




















Sentence Stress Phrasebook

You will speak more fluently if you say some very common expressions with a fixed pronunciation, like a single word. The expressions below are grouped according to their stress pattern. Listen and repeat.


Good morning.

Good evening.

Excuse me!

How are you?

You’re welcome.

I’d love to.


What’s you name?

What’s the time?

Thanks a lot.

Close the door.

Yes, of course.

Come and see!

Don’t forget.


A piece of cake.

The shop was closed.

It’s time to go.

I spoke to John.

A cup of tea.

See you later!

Just a moment.

Pleased to meet you.

Where’s the station?


No problem.

Don’t worry.

Keep quiet!

Please help us.

Who told you?


How much is it?

How far is it?

What time is it?

What day was it?

What do you do?

Where are you from?

Where do you live?

Where were you born?

When does it leave?

How do you do?

What do you want?


Can you help me?

Do you like it?

Are you coming?

Was it raining?

There’s a problem.


Would you like a drink?

Do you want to come?

Is it time to go?

Is it far from home?




T E S T S

TEST 1

Find the odd word, according to the reading rules (Найдителишнееслово согласно правилам чтения подчеркнутых букв)

Model: A) fate B) ball C) famous D) favourite

Answer: B) ball ([ɔ:], в остальных случаях – [ei])

1. A) Polish B) bottom C) common D) porridge

2. A) hammer B) data C) flannel D) channel

3. A) crude B) spruce C) jute D) fume

4. A) stump B) mute C) huge D) tune

5. A) throne B) grope C) yoke D) dodge

6) A) myth B) mystic C) physics D) dyke

7. A) texture B) exam C) exaggerate D) exhibition

8. A) remark B) varnish C) prepare D) hardship

9. A) here B) mere C) service D) sincere

10. A) embarks B) reflects C) inserts D) starves

11. A) pebbles B) plunges C) windows D) explodes

12. A) where B) when C) why D) whom

13. A) appraised B) repulsed C) rescued D) allowed

14. A) upgraded B) judged C) informed D) proposed

15. A) wrap B) ward C) wisdom D) woke

16. A) clog B) crop C) scum D) fence

17. A) century B) cyst C) clump D) cell

18. A) struck B) cramp C) scripture D) centre

19. A) groom B) plunge C) fledge D) Egypt

20. A) plug B) gutter C) geology D) guide

TEST 2

Find the word with a different sound where underlined. (Найдите слово с другим звуком в подчеркнутом месте)

Model: A) fit B) split C) kind D) will

Answer: C) kind ([ai], в остальных случаях – [ i ])

1. A) school B) chemistry C) architect D) chalk

2. A) skated B) looked C) passed D) cooked

3. A) vision B) passion C) illusion D) decision

4. A) mild B) film C) milk D) mill

5. A) sees B) watches C) has D) nods

6. A) barn B) yard C) award D) harmful

Find the word where the stressed vowel is read as in the alphabet (Найдите слово, где ударная гласная читается так, как она называется в алфавите)

7. A) fool B) role C) roll D) score

8. A) bare B) farm C) palm D) tape

9. A) dead B) there C) media D) pepper

10. A) puzzle B) future C) button D) fur

11. A) mirror B) mining C) fire D) winner

Find the word where the first letter is NOT read (Найдите слово, в котором первая буква НЕ читается)

12. A) whole B) whale C) why D) while

13. A) kitten B) knelt C) kilobyte D) kick

14. A) happy B) home C) honest D) horror

15. A) wrap B) ward C) wisdom D) woke

16. A) trench B) wrench C) wench D) branch

Find the word where the letter C is NOT read as [s] (Найдите слово, в котором буква С НЕ читается как [s])

17. A) cellular B) clack C) cent D) mince

18. A) cist B) pence C) insect D) central

Find the word where the letter G is read as [g] (Найдите слово, в котором буква G читается как [g])

19. A) guest B) gem C) geometry D) gymnastics

20. A) gypsy B) gesture C) ginger D) gossip
TEST 3

Find the word with a different sound where underlined. (Найдите слово с другим звуком в подчеркнутом месте)

Model: A) fit B) split C) kind D) will

Answer: C) kind ([ai], в остальных случаях – [ i ])

1. A) change B) choose C) children D) mechanic

2. A) missed B) posed C) called D) preferred

3. A) leisure B) pressure C) pleasure D) measure

4. A) mask B) parrot C) fan D) sample

5. A) takes B) goes C) escapes D) rates

6. A) horn B) horror C) worthy D) cord
Find the word where the stressed vowel is read as in the alphabet (Найдите слово, где ударная гласная читается так, как она называется в алфавите)

7. A) more B) throne C) mock D) spoon

8. A) prepare B) cadge C) have D) trade

9. A) scent B) here C) Sweden D) edge

10. A) furniture B) huge C) cut D) murder

11. A) squint B) gripe C) shrimp D) admire

Find the word where the first letter is NOT read (Найдите слово, в котором первая буква НЕ читается)

12. A) who B) where C) whale D) whence

13. A) kite B) knight C) kilogram D) Kate

14. A) handsome B) hole C) hour D) hill

15. A) wrench B) wallet C) witch D) wench

16. A) grudge B) wry C) crux D) truce

Find the word where the letter C is NOT read as [s] (Найдите слово, в котором буква С НЕ читается как [s])

17. A) cell B) clump C) cyst D) since

18. A) fence B) Celt C) conduct D) century

Find the word where the letter G is read as [g] (Найдите слово, в котором буква G читается как [g])

19. A) guide B) geology C) gender D) dodge

20. A) plunge B) gem C) budget D) give
TEST 4

Find the word with a different vowel sound (Найдите слово с другим гласным звуком)

Model: A) hot B) hold C) gone D) swan

Answer: B) hold ([ou], в остальных случаях – [ɒ])

1. A) black B) want C) mad D) hand

2. A) case B) lake C) name D) care

3. A) soap B) hope C) sold D) soup

4. A) what B) hot C) most D) salt

5. A) foot B) look C) blood D) push

6. A) rude B) luck C) run D) but

7. A) leave B) beach C) bread D) clean

Find the word where one of the consonants is NOT read (Найдите слово, в котором одна из согласных букв НЕ читается)

Model: A) camp B) crisp C) climb D) cost

Answer: C) climb [klaim], Буква B не читается

8. A) lamb B) label C) cable D) cost

9. A) recipe B) repeat C) receipt D) rope

10. A) listen B) windy C) eaten D) after

11. A) hour B) hate C) home D) hill

12. A) old B) pile C) half D) help

13. A) cold B) calm C) colour D) film

14. A) hurry B) hairy C) hungry D) here

Add the consonant sound to the word to make another word (добавьте к слову согласный звук, чтобы получилось другое слово)

Model: [g] + eight [eit] = [geit] gate

15. [k] + aim =

16. [k] + ache =

17. [l] + eight =

18. [r] + owes =

19. [w] + eight =

20. [s] + eyes =

21. [h] + eye =

22. [b] + air =

23. [b] + earn =

TEST 5

1. Have you got a _____ I could borrow?

A) pan B) pin C) pen

2. We should clean the _____ first.

A) cut B) cat C) cot

3. You won’t be able to _____ this.

A) fill B) feel C) fail

4. I think that’s the _____.

A) west B) worst C) pen

5. The _____’s too small.

A) cot B) coat C) court

6. I don’t think it’s _____, you know.

A) far B) fur C) fair

7. What time did the _____ arrive?

A) woman B) women

8. The _____ here.

A) officer’s B) office’s

9. I used to have a _____.

A) bet B) vet C) pet

10. I got a good _____ for it.

A) price B) prize

11. They didn’t _____ him.

A) suit B) shoot

12. I think it’s in the _____.

A) code B) coat C) coach

13. That’s a _____ colour.

A) fine B) wine C) vine

14. His _____ was broken.

A) back B) bag

15. You can smell it in the _____.

A) air B) hair

16. You’ll have to _____ the baby.

A) watch B) wash

17. They’re _____.

A) singing B) sinking

18. I’ll _____ it tomorrow.

A) collect B) correct C) connect
TEST 6

1. The _____ is broken.

A) glass B) gas

2. The _____ is out!

A) tooth B) truth

3. I can’t _____ anything.

A) sell B) smell

4. They _____ more time.

A) need B) needed

5. I think they _____ to talk.

A) want B) wanted

6. There are _____ people in my class.

A) thirty B) thirteen

7. Alice _____ here.

A) is B) was

8. The books _____ cheap.

A) are B) were

9. I think there are some pears _____ grapes.

A) and B) or

10. What _____ she say?

A) does B) did

11. _____.

A) That smile. B) That’s a mile.

12. We need more _____.

A) sport B) support

13. It’s all in the _____ now.

A) past B) pasta

14. Our _____ came late.

A) guests B) guest
TEST 7

Find the word with a different number of syllables (Найдите слово с иным количеством слогов)

Model: A) snakes B) sheep C) foxes D) cats

Answer: С) foxes ([‘fɒksiz] – 2 слога, в остальных словах – по одному)

1. A) likes B) wants C) talks D) washes

2. A) wanted B) walked C) saved D) brushed

3. A) rainy B) sorrow C) afternoon D) porridge

4. A) about B) around C) asleep D) asked

5. A) fourteen B) forty C) fortieth D) hundred

6. A) builds B) rebuild C) builder D) building

7. A) supermarket B) waterfall C) holiday D) hairdresser

8. A) school B) texts C) over D) sports
All the words or expressions in each group have the same number of syllables. Find the one with stress in a different place (Все слова или фразы в каждой группе имеют равное количество слогов. Найдите то, в котором ударение падает в иное место)

Model: A) October B) November C) December D) January

Answer: D) January – на первый слог, в остальных словах – на второй)

9. A) Saturday B) holiday

C) tomorrow D) yesterday

10. A) morning B) fifty

C) fifteen D) August

11. A) He told me. B) I like it.

C) She finished D) Close the door

12. A) Go to bed! B) Don’t worry

C) What’s the time? D) Fish and chips.

13. A) table B) tourist

C) tunnel D) today

14. A) mistake B) famous

C) become D) remove

15. A) economics B) economy

C) education D) scientific

16. A) It isn’t true. B) I’ll see you soon

C) No, it isn’t. D) He’s not at home.

Appendix 1
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