География Великобритании (Britain’s geography) - файл n1.docx

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География Великобритании (Britain’s geography)
Britain’s geography
The United Kingdom is an island nation in Western Europe just off the coast of France.

The UK lies between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, and comes within 35 km of the northwest coast of France, from which it is separated by the English Channel.

Northern Ireland shares a 360 km international land boundary with the Republic of Ireland. From France the country is separated by the English Channel Straits and Strait of Dover.

Great Britain including the island Great Britain, northeast part of the island of Ireland and a number of nearby small islands has the area of 243 809 km І, almost a quarter-of-a-million square kilometers. The area of England the biggest country as a part of the Great Britain is 130 395 km І, the area of Scotland - 78 772 km. Wales and Northern Ireland is much less on the area — 20 779 km І and 13 843 km І respectively.

The UK is made up of several islands. The only land border connecting the UK to another country is between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.

The UK is bordered by four seas: to the south by the English Channel, which separates it from continental Europe, to the east by the North Sea, to the west by the Irish Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.

The UK Landscape is very varied, ranging from the Grampian Mountains of Scotland to the lowland fens of England which are at or below sea level in places.

Scotland and Wales are the most mountainous parts of the UK. A ridge of hills, the Pennine Chain, runs down the centre of northern England. Many coastal areas are low-lying, especially in the east and south of England. These include the wetlands of the Somerset levels that regularly flood during heavy rain.

Most of the UK is made up of gently rolling hills with isolated areas of high ground such as Dartmoor in the south-west of England or the Mourne Mountains in Northern Ireland.

Northern Ireland is also home to the UK's largest lake, Lough Neagh, which covers an area of 396sq.km. Other major lakes include Windermere in the English Lake District and Loch Lomond in Scotland. Another of Scotland's lakes, Loch Ness is famous for sightings of 'Nessie', a mythical monster!

Being a relatively small Island, the UK's rivers are not very long. The Severn, its longest river, is just 338 km in length, beginning in Wales and entering the Atlantic Ocean near Bristol in England. Other major rivers include the Thames, which flows through Oxford and London, and the Trent and Mersey rivers, which drain rainfall from large areas of central England.

The UK's climate varies greatly according to season and location, but on the whole can be described as mild with few extremes.
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