Беззатеева Э.Г. Стилистика английского языка - файл n1.doc

Беззатеева Э.Г. Стилистика английского языка
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I. Figures of Speech

1. State which of the comparative structures represent metaphors and similes

He has a tongue like a sward and a pen like a dagger. (H. Caine)

You talk exactly like my father!

The laugh in her eyes died out... (M. Spillane)

The grin made his large teeth resemble a dazzling miniature piano keyboard in the green light. (J. Jones)

It was his habit not to jump or leap at anything in life but to crawl at everything. (Dickens)
2. Distinguish between metonymy and metaphor

He earns his living by his pen. (S. Maugham)

I ... came to the place where the Stars and Stripes stood

shoulder to shoulder with the Union Jack. (Steinbeck)

Money burns a hole in my pocket. (T. Capote)
3. State which of the attributes represent epithets

... whispered the spinster aunt with true spinster-aunt-like envy. (Dickens)

A lock of hair fell over her eye and she pushed it back with a tired, end-of-the-day gesture. (J. Braine)

The money she had accepted was two soft, green, handsome ten-dollar bills. (Dreiser)
4. Comment on the play upon words:

His arm about her, he led her in and bawled, 'Ladies and worser halves, the bride!' (S. Lewis)

Then there were the twin boys, whom the family called "Stars and Stripes ", as they were whipped regularly. (O. Wilde)

There comes a period in every man's life, but she's just a semicolon in his. (S. Evans)

Did you hit a woman with a child? — No, sir, I hit her with a brick. (Th. Smith)

Isn't it discouraging when it takes two days to fly a letter from coast to coast? I get so mad I mark the envelopes "Air-Snail".

5. Point out litotes and hyperbole

She was not without realization already that this thing was impossible, so far as she was concerned. (Dreiser)

Joe Clegg also looked surprised and possibly not too pleased. (Christie)

Her family is one aunt about a thousand years old. (Fitzgerald)

6. Comment on the peculiarities of antonomasia

Every Caesar has his Brutus. (O. Henry)

There are three doctors in an illness like yours... Dr. Rest, Dr. Diet and Dr. Fresh air. (D. Cusack)

7. Explain the meaning of these euphemisms

“I expect you 'd like a wash,” Mrs. Thompson said. “The bathroom's to the right and the usual offices next to it”. (J. Braine)

Why, in the name of all the infernal powers, Mrs. Merdle ...? (Dickens)

8. What allusion is made in the extract?

"Christ, it's so funny! Madame Bovary at Columbia Extension School!" (Salinger)

9. What device is represented by the marked words?

Break, break, break

On the cold gray stones, О Sea! (A. Tennison)

10. Point out how irony is created below:

To look at Montmorency, you would imagine that he was an angel sent upon the earth. At first I never thought he would survive. I used to sit down and look at him as he sat on the rug and looked up at me, and think: "Oh, that dog will never live. He will be taken to the bright skies in a chariot, that's what will happen to him ".
But when I had paidfor about a dozen chickens that he had killed... then I began to think that maybe they would let him remain on earth a bit longer. (Jerome)
II. Structural Stylistic Devices

1. State the type of inversion:

What the action of the play would have been like if Laertes had not had the occasion to revenge the death of his father, we cannot tell. (Literary criticism)

Had this happened before supper, George would have expressed wishes and desires concerning Harris's fate in this world and the next that would have made a thoughtful man shudder. (Jerome)

Calm and quiet below me in the sun and shade lay the old house. (Dickens)

2. What structural device is used below?

A poor boy... No father, no mother, no any one. (Dickens)

3. Comment on the kind of repetition used:

One may see by their footprints that they have not walked arm in arm; that they have not walked in a straight track, and that they have walked in a moody humour. (Dickens)

I looked at the gun, and the gun looked at me. (R. Chandler)

4. Point out the devices of climax and anticlimax:

Of course it's important. Incredibly, urgently, desperately important. (D. Cusack)

It was a mistake ...a blunder... lunacy ... (W. Deeping)

He was numbed. He wanted to weep, to vomit, to die, to sink away. (A. Bennet)

They were absolutely quiet; eating no apples, cutting no names, inflicting no pinches, and making no grimaces, for full two minutes afterwards. (Dickens)

5. Explain the meaning of the periphrasis

She was still fat; the destroyer of her figure sat at the head of the table. (A. Bennet)

The hospital was crowded with the surgically interesting products of the fighting in Africa. (I. Shaw)

6. What device is created by the use of the marked words?

Don't use big words. They mean so little. (Wilde)

  1. What device is represented by the marked part of the sentence and what is the implication here?

"But, John, you know I'm not going to a doctor. I've told you. " "You are going or else... "(P. Quentin)

8. What device is used in the marked parts?

His nervousness about it irritated him: she had no business to make him feel like that. (Galsworthy)

Angela looked at him with swimming eyes. He was really different from anything she had ever known, young, artistic, imaginative, ambitious... What a wonderful thing! (Dickens)

9. What ways of connection are used in the extracts below?

And they wore their best and more colourful clothes. Red shirts and green shirts and yellow shirts and pink shirts. (P. Abrahams)

The pulsating motion at Malay Camp at night was everywhere. People sang. People cried. People fought. People loved. People hated. (P. Abrahams)

10. Name the device used below

"The day on which I had to take the happiest and best step of my life — the day on which I shall be a man more exulting and more enviable than any other man in the world— the day on which I give Bleak House its little mistress — shall be next month, then ", said my guardian. (Dickens)

III. Comment on the Phonetic Devices Used Below

' Sh-sh', she said. 'But I'm whispering!' This continual shushing annoyed him. (A. Huxley)

The moan of doves in immemorial elms,

And murmuring of innumerable bees. (Terrnison)

IV. Miscellany: Point Out the Stylistic Devices Used

  1. "You have heard of Jefferson Brick I see, Sir, " — quoth the Colonel with a smile. "England has heard of Jefferson Brick. Europe has heard of Jefferson Brick ". (Dickens)

  2. but who would scorn the month of June,

Because December, with his breath so hoary,

Must come? (Byron)

  1. He ordered a bottle of the worst possible port wine, at the highest
    possible price.
    (Dickens)

  2. Stoney smiled the sweet smile of an alligator. (Steinbeck)

  3. And yet will you tell me that I oughtn't to go into society? I, who shower money upon it in this way? I, who might be almost said to —to — to harness myself to a watering cart full ofmoney, and go about, saturating society, every day of my life?
    (Dickens)

  4. He already had a car — a large car — an expensive car. In that car and no other he proposed to continue his journey back to town. (Christie)

  5. Mother Nature always blushes before disrobing. (Y. Esar)

  6. It's only an adopted child. One I have told her of. One I'm going to give the name to. (Dickens)

  7. Richard said that he would work his fingers to the bone for Ada, and Ada said that she would work her fingers to the bone for Richard. (Dickens)

  8. The mechanics were underpaid, and underfed, and overworked. (J. Aldridge)

  9. Men's talk was better than women's. Never food, never babies, never sickness, but people, what happened, the reason. Not the state of the house, but the state of the Army... Not what spoilt the washing, but who spilled the beans. (D. du Maurier)

  10. Swan had taught him much. The great kindly Swede had taken
    him under his wing. (E. Ferber)
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