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Министерство образования и науки

Российской Федерации

Федеральное агентство по образованию

Государственное образовательное учреждение

высшего профессионального образования

ТЮМЕНСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ
Кафедра иностранных языков

естественнонаучных факультетов


Н. В. Войтик, М. А. Елесина, Е. В. Фомина
Практикум по правилам чтения

для студентов I курса неязыковых факультетов. Часть I




Издательство Тюменского государственного университета, 2005

Войтик Н. В., Елесина М. А., Фомина Е. В. Практикум по правилам чтения для студентов I курса неязыковых факультетов. Часть I. Тюмень: Издательство ТюмГУ, 2005.

Данный практикум предназначен для начального этапа изучения английского языка и его цель – овладение навыками чтения и их систематизация. Правила чтения каждой буквы и всех буквосочетаний представлены в многочисленных таблицах. Для отработки произносительных навыков предлагаются также упражнения, тестовые задания и тексты.

Печатается по решению кафедры иностранных языков естественнонаучных факультетов.


Рецензенты: Латфуллина И. Д., ст. преподаватель кафедры иностранных языков естественнонаучных факультетов;

Мастерских С. В., канд. филол. наук, доцент кафедры иностранных языков гуманитарных факультетов.


© Тюменский государственный университет, 2005.

© Войтик Н. В., Елесина М. А., Фомина Е. В.

PRE-UNIT

The A B C

A a [ eI ]

B b [ bI: ]

C c [ sI: ]

D d [ dI: ]

E e [ I: ]

F f [ ef ]

G g [ GI: ]

H h [ eIC ]

I i [ QI ]

J j [ GeI ]

K k [ keI ]

L l [ el ]

M m [ em ]

N n [ en ]

O o [ O? ]

P p [ pI: ]

Q q [ kj?: ]

R r [ Q: ]

S s [ es ]

T t [ tI: ]

U u [ j?: ]

V v [ VI: ]

W w [ 'dAbl 'j?: ]

X x [ eks ]

Y y [ ?QI ]

Z z [ zed ]

Таблица чтения гласных

закрытый слог

открытый слог

Гласные буквы

гласная

+ r

гласная

+ r + гласная

[ x ]

bag

[ eI ]

may, make

A a

[ Q ]

car

[ q ]

care

[ e ]

pen

[ I: ]

bee, Pete

E e

[ q ]

her

[ Iq ]

here

[ O ]

not

[ O? ]

no, rose

O o

[ O: ]

north

[ O: ]

more

[ A ]

but

[ j?: ]

due, cube

U u

[ q: ]

turn

[ j?q ]

cure

[ I ]

little, gym

[ QI ]

time, cry

I, Y

[ q: ]

bird, myrtle

[ QIq ]

wire, tyre


UNIT 1


1. открытый слог

[ eI ]

A a - закрытый слог

[ x ]

blame, fame, vale, blade, tape, lane, make, pale, sake, ale, hate
sat, lamp, bad, fan, pan, lad, sand, van

2. открытый слог

[ I: ]

E e - закрытый слог

[ e ]

eve, me, mete, Pete, bee
net, lend, pen, spent, bent, left, let, bed, men, ten, best, rest, step

3. открытый слог

[ O? ]

O o - закрытый слог

[ O ]

so, no, stone, sole, zone, dome, nose, slope, rose, go

lot, stop, not, on, off, spot, odd, slot, doll, dot, soft

4. [ s ] перед e, i, y

C c -

[ k ] перед a, o, u;

в конце слова

centre, space, 'sentence, cent
can, case, cor'rect, cone, cat

5. [G] перед e, i, y


G g -

[g ] во всех остальных случаях

But: get [ gеt ], give [ gIV ], girl [ gq:l ]
gale, god, grim, 'gossip, glad, gas, got

page, gym, 'gypsy, 'gentle

1 а) tram bag

pan tramp

pram mass

grand ram

drag lass

b) date

late

plate

state

skate

fate

made

trade

wade

safe

c) graze – braze – craze

maze – mane – dame

ale – sale – make

ape – tape – plate

ace – cape – crape

late – tale – trade

save – sale – same

d) pan – pane flat – late

can – cane bat – bate

Sam – same hat – hate

tram – tame glad – glade

man – mane mat – mate

rat – rate lamp – lane

tap – tape fat – flake


Test yourself: blame, pale, mate, fate, make, fame, lamp, stamp, lake, bad, late, plan, ale, date, vale, bat, nave, tape, pan, fan, blade, lane, cake, brake, wake, flake, cape, Sam, tram, can, bake, tack, glad, hat, maze, grace, trace, skate, sad, bag, Ann, game, sat, lamp.

2 a) trek pen Nell b) met – mete fence – Eve

stress press leg pet – Pete mend – Mede

mess left keg bed – be met - mete

hem dress peg bell – grebe zed – zebu

lest stem egg wed – Swede melt – bede

beg spell desk cent – grebe

c) pen – pan

men – man

ten – tan

bed – bad

leg – lag

beg – bag

end – and

lend – land

deb – damp

met – mat

bed – bat

fet – fat


d) bat – bet – bade ass – mess – mace man – men – mane

bad – bed – bade dam – den – dame cab – ken – cane

flat – let – late pan – pen – pane lamp – led – lane
3 a) home – Rome prone – strove spoke – coke

bone – cone tone – prone broke – stoke

no – stone robe – rope dome – nose

strove – grove probe – grope home – rose

code – vote lode – note tone – close

smoke – woke lobe – lope pole – vote
b) trod pond prod prop smog

moss grog loss drop dot

lost stop bog spot loss

c) boss – broke cross – loss hop – hope blob – lobe

not – note stoke – coke mop – mope nod – node

mock – smoke rod – rode cod – code pop – pope

d) Oh, no! Go home alone! Don’t go slow. Don’t go slowly, Joe. Don’t go slowly, Joe, there is no snow. Don’t go slowly, Joe, there’s no snow on the road.

4 a) can act correct camp clap

cat fact cost club crop
b) cent space trace cist place

ace nice ice cell pencil

face price 'pencil cyst
c) cist – cyst cab – cad – cam since – fence

cell – Celt can – camp – cap mince – pence

cell – cent cob – cod – con since – mince

clog – crop – cop fence – pence

cum – scum – cut hence – trace

5 a) gem – gym b) gap – gas – gad

gest – gist got – god – gob

gig – gyp golf – glad – grab

gin – gim grog – gloss – goblin

age – rage

page – strange

gentle – range c) bad – lag – hag – brag – crag

'gypsy [ 'GIpsI ] beg – leg – keg – clog – peg

big – pig – brig – Greg – big

bog – log – hog – fog – flog
Test yourself: 'sentence, gym, 'gypsy, gig, range, cent, cor'rect, snow, mince, bade, scene, rage, since, 'local, cell, smoke, code, probe, centre, glad, spent, lend, cape, mete, desk, late, hate, cane, bed, camp, ice, price, page, age, crag, beg, 'traffic, hence, face, land, lace, table, hand, place, stop, Rome, close, test, rode, can, drive, cake, tent, page, state, pole, tip, brake, code, lake, damp, tell, came, stand, trace, side, nice.


UNIT 2

6. Y y - [ j ] в начале слова

yes, yet, yell, yelp, yoke

7. открытый слог

[ QI ]

I, Y - закрытый слог

[ I ]

by, dye, my, tie, size, mine, fine, dive, style, pine, like, time, tyke, bye, dyke, type, life

if, nip, tip, fit, tin, kid, tint, is, did, 'system

8. открытый слог

[ j?: ]

U u - [ ?: ] после r, l, j

закрытый слог

[ A ]

cube, rule, mule, use, Hume, rude, brume, June, junior

nut, but, cut, bus, sum, hug, luck, brush

But: busy [ bIzI ]

9. ck - [ k ]

lick, lack, stick, nick, black, sack, deck, pack, clock, stuck


6 a) yes – yet bell – yell

you – yoke elm – yelp

yam – yak end – yes

7 a) it – did nip – nib trip – big

bit – bid rip – rib strip – pin

it – lid strip – trim miss – print

kit – kid pin – bin him – grip

prim – brim prill – brill list – still

b) by style tyke fly – sly

my dyke type fry – pry

cry syce Tyke my – dry

c) file – tile mile – pile rid – ride tie – die

fine – dine lime – crime grid – bride bye – dye

pipe – ripe gripe – stripe scrip – scribe lie – pie

ride – side bride – pride mince – mine lye – rye

drive – wife strive – wife wince – wine

8 a) use – fuse – cute brume – Rome mule – mole

mute – fume – Hume rule – role Hume – home

muse – cube – tube prune – prone fume – bone

huge – mule –due tune – tone huge – cola

b) ruse – Bruce plume – flute price – spruce

rune – prune flute – fluke rise – ruse

Hume – brume fluke – plume scribe – cube

prude – brute fly – flute rice – truce

rude – crude ply – plume 'useful – re'fuse

due – huge fly – rude pro'duce – oppor'tunity

dry – dune
c) cub – cube tub – tube fuss – fuse huge – cute

us – use hug – huge tune – truce tune – mule

cut – cute luck – Luke dune – spruce rug – glue

rud – rude nut – true suck – stuck duck – duke

run – rune rut – dug struck – cut brush – Brume

plum – plume bus – blue sum – mule luck – fluke

rub – rule rub – rude 'under – use dull – duke

d) dis'cuss, 'customer, pro'duction, 'study, 'under, 'uncle, 'unit, un'less, un'like, un'til, up, up'set, up-to-day

9

  1. pack – stack – slack

Nick – stick – click

deck – neck – reck

duck – stuck – struck

lock – clock – block

b) click – fleck – clock – cluck – clack

dick – deck – dock – duck – back

sick – neck – sock – suck – sack

lick – lock – luck – lack – luke



Test yourself: by, dye, my, tie, size, but, if, nip, tip, system, fit, mine, gum, fine, dive, tin, style, pine, fun, tug, life, side, lift, sin, pipe, tide, kid, like, time, up, tint, tyke, bye, dyke, yelp, dike, is, did, nine, type, life, hug, slip, bug, dip, lid, mill, kill, like, file, smile, try, glade, glide, globe, dame, dime, dome, plug, grape, ripe, rope, stale, style, stole, huge, raze, rise, yoke, rose, tape, type, cup, trope, bug, lug, nut, cock, left, page, cross, deck, run, plus, big, tube, study, sum, tube, cone, dress, me, sunny, luck, rule, dry.

UNIT 3

10. [ ?: ] перед m, l, n

oo -

[ ? ]

fool, spoon, soon, tool, pool, too, zoo

look, took, hook, good, brook, book, foot

  1. j

dge - [ G ]

just, June, jet, Jeff, Jam, Jack, jazz, jig

badge, lodge, bridge

12. sh - [ S ]


she, shall, shop, ship, shape, fish, dish, fresh, ship

13. ch в словах англ.

происхождения

- [ C ]

tch

chest, check, inch, lynch, chap, chill, such, match, latch, ditch, catch, snatch, hatch, crutch , chop, chess, match


10 a) bug – book b) good – hook

hug – hook stood – took

tug – took foot – book

nut – nook wood – look

lug – look cook – wool

  1. loo – too – zoo – woo d) poodle

loom – toon – zoom – swoon noodle

loop – stoop – swoop toodle

sloop – coop – troop – snoop tat'too – sa'loon

hoot – loot – root – moot bal'loon – ba'boon

11 a) gap – jab gut – jut got – jot jib – gin

gust – just gum – jam gog – jog jest – gest

gag – Jack gosh – Josh god – Jo just – gist jam – gem jin – gin

b) jest – yes jazz – yam

jet – yet Jack – yak

jam – yam Jam – yell

c) dog – dodge leg – fledge bad – badge

log – lodge hog – hedge odd – dodge

bag – badge brig – bridge bud – budge

plug – plunge egg – edge fled – fledge

fringe – hinge lunge – plunge led – ledge
12 a) shop – shot b) ash – dash – rash – cash

shell – shelf mesh – dish – fresh – fish

shall – sham smash – splash – crash – trash

shock – shod rush – hush – flush – crush

chat – shunt shut – shim – shrill – shrimp
13 a) chess chest check b) hatch – latch – match – much

chap chat champ fetch – drench – crutch – snatch

chin chill chip itch – hitch – pitch – rich – scratch

chop chuck chat

c) chip – ship cash – catch d) back – batch – badge

chop – shop crush – Dutch block – blotch – lodge

crutch – grudge etch – edge deck – etch – edge

fetch – fledge inch – fringe luck – lunch – plunge

blotch – lodge check – change lick – lynch – hinge

[ 'CeInG ]

e) Madge – age

badge – page

cadge – cage

cadge – sage
Test yourself: fledge, luck, fetch, chip, itch, match, badge, yell, root, smash, wood, bug, sa'loon, bridge, June, joke, huge, gulf, yoke, good, took, inch, such, jazz, hook, zoo, stood, catch, fresh, bridge, fledge, crash, chat, crush, wool, jump, loop, jest, moon, fresh, hatch, check, shape, noodle, go, block, shelf, judge, shine, kitchen, cage, loose, jungle, shell, ditch, spoon, shape, gum, chest, fridge, soot, June, pitch, trash, shall, chuck, jet, food, shock, cool, sock, log, swoon, jab, loom.
UNIT 4

14. ee

- [ I: ]

ea

see, meat, feet, need, lead, sleep, deed, sea, feed, fleet, zeal, east, keep, feel, pea, deal, leaf, mean

15. ai

- [ eI ]

ay

pain, vain, mail, day, lain, may, pay, say, clay, aim, fail, sail, bay, lay, claim, plain

16. e, i, y - [ I ]

в безударном положении

'study, 'noisy, 'lobby, 'pony, 'sorry, 'lorry, 'duty, be'gin, di'vide

17. [ T ]

th -

[ D ]


theme, thick, thin, depth, tenth, fifth

they, these, then, with, them, those, thus, this, that, father

18. o в безуд. полож.

a - [ q ]

u

'sofa, 'comma, 'husband, pa'rade
a'gain, a'go, to'day, up'on


14 a) fee – tree keep – been – seen

feel – green speech – keen – green

sheet – sheep feed – need – sleeve

freeze – meet see – sweep – feet

bee – see need – deep – sleep
b) fee – feel c) eat – meat mete – meat – meet

glee – green tea – sea seam – seem – weak

lee – sleep pea – beam scene – scream – screen

bee – been heat – neat eat – pea – clean

see – seen tree – meat sea – seat – cheap

deep – keen east – deal deal – each – seat

d) week – weak e) weal, veal, teen, weed, real, deed, treat,

see – sea weald, wheel, beach, Greek, peak,

meet – meat sneeze, sheep, sweep, seal, reap

speech – speak

reed – read

seem – seam

screen – scream

f) lead – lid bean – bin g) feel – fill green – grin

leap – lip eat – it beet – bit heed – hid

least – list reach – rich week – wick sleet – slit

meal – mill seat – sit cheek – chick been – bit

peach – pitch heat – hit sleep – slip fleet – fit

beat – bit peak – pick seek – sick sweet – wit

each – itch read – rid deed – did feel – fit

Read: The art of Biography

Is different from Geography.

Geography is about maps,

Biography is about chaps.

  1. say sail stay stain main

day drain tray tail train

pay pail play plain gait

way wail may Spain lay
16 a) 'baby 'sorry b) 'carry – 'tarry 'merry – 'Perry

'lady 'lorry 'marry – 'parry 'cherry – 'sherry

'very 'crazy 'sorry – 'sherry fatty – jolly

'lobby 'finally 'ferry – 'cherry dandy – fancy

'berry happy

c) em'bed d) 'marry e) in'scribe

re'cede 'very in'blame

de'stroy 'baby dis'close

re'ply 'lady dis'cover

de'fy 'story dis'cuss

de'ny 'vary 'public

f) Be'gin to read.

Ex'plain it.

Re'peat it, please.

Re'peat it again.

'Try it again. The rain in Spain is mainly in the plain.

  1. a) thin thick theft thrift b) with

width thump throb thin thus

thrill thrum thrill thud them

myth depth smith thug this

math tenth thug thrust that

thump theft depth myth then

kith filth smith cloth than



  1. this – myth that – math with – filth

this – pith that – depth with – smith

this – throb that – thrill with – thrill

  1. sick – thick zip – this

sin – thin zed – then

silk – thrill Zen – then

mat – math dad – that

tilt – filth dust – thus

kit – kith disk – this

tent – tenth den – then


  1. a) a'gain 'comma up'on a'gree suc'cess

a'go 'sofa un'less pro'pose 'algebra

to'day a'bout sug'gest o'pinion 'binary

a'gainst sa'lute un'like con'trol 'capital
b) a 'book, a 'house, a 'boy, a 'pen, a 'song, an 'end, a man, a dog, a club
Test yourself: zoom, ago, nurse, jest, ba'boon, 'traffic, foot, prize, ad'dress, 'comma, 'public, June, tease, u'pon, jest, thrum, thug, 'hurry, crush, with, de'ny, pith, de'fy, breath, em'bed, past, flask, di'rect, breathe, re'cede, math, thrill, thus, in'flame, vast, 'marry, mess, chum, 'family, agree, theme, thick, happy, width, length, them, student, myth, story, rep'ly, gain, then, sixth, with, com'pose, bath, bathe.
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