Марьина Н.Г. Происшествия на море (Accidents at Sea) - файл n1.doc

Марьина Н.Г. Происшествия на море (Accidents at Sea)
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UNIT 4. Grounding

Text 1. Banana boat rescue will take days

I. Read the text.


Make sure you understand the words below:

salvage

rescue

to establish

to discover

recognisable

well-known

en route

on the way



The vessel is carrying hundreds of tonnes of bananas and pineapples

The crew of a cargo vessel stranded after hitting a lighthouse will stay at least three more days on board until salvage experts work out how to return her to shore.

An inquiry has been launched to establish how the ship crashed into one of the Solent's most recognisable landmarks, the Nab Tower.

The vessel's cargo of hundreds of tonnes of bananas and pineapples, which were bound for Belgium, will have to be removed before the rescue can begin.

Meanwhile1, the 22-strong crew, composed of a Norwegian pilot, a Polish engineer, Indian officers and an Ecuadorian and Filipino, will all stay on board in the Solent.

A coastguard spokesperson said a massive barge and crane are en route to Britain from Rotterdam to remove the cargo, while steel plates have been welded onto the visible eight-metre hole in the ship's hull above the water line.

But a 26 m gash that lies underwater will remain open, as it is considered too dangerous to fix on site2.

The vessel, which flies a Liberian flag, will be towed to shore – possibly at Southampton – where it will be repaired.
Vocabulary

to strand

сесть на мель

to work out

решать

to crash into

наскочить на кого-л., что-л.; врезаться во что-л.

to remove

убирать; снимать

to compose

составлять

plate

плита, лист, полоса (металла)

to weld

сваривать

hole

отверстие, пробоина

gash

разрез

to consider

думать, считать

to fix

ремонтировать

II. Vocabulary Practice


Match the words from column A and column B similar in their meaning.

А

В

  1. strand

a) repair

  1. fix

b) take away

  1. crash

c) run aground

  1. work out

d) make up

  1. compose

e) collide

  1. remove

f) solve

III. Grammar Review


Complete the sentences with the phrases from the right column. Join two parts using before or until. Comment on the use of tenses. Translate the sentences into Russian.

The cargo will have to be removed

before

salvage experts work out how to return her to shore.

The crew will stay three more days on board

before

the ship is towed to shore.

But a 26 m gash will remain open

until

the rescue begins.

IV. Speech Practice


Answer the questions to the text above.

  1. Why did the cargo ship strand?

  2. What damage did she sustain?

  3. When can the rescue begin?

  4. What will be used to remove the cargo?

  5. Was any repair made?



Text 2 (A). An operation to evacuate up to 1,600 people
from a stricken cruise ship

I. Read the text and give answers to the questions below.


  1. Why did the Sea Diamond send a distress signal?

  2. What happened with the passengers? Were there any people missing?

  3. Who took part in rescue operation?




5 April, 2007
An operation to evacuate up to 1,600 people from a stricken cruise ship has been completed off the coast of the Greek island of Santorini

The Greek-flagged Sea Diamond issued a distress signal after running aground and starting to take on water.

Passengers told they were taken from the ship on lifeboats. They said the evacuation proceeded calmly.

More than a dozen ships in the area were involved: a flotilla of commercial ships plus six navy helicopters and various navy vessels, along with1 emergency medical crews. The ship was about one nautical mile (1.8 km) off the coast of the island in the eastern Aegean Sea. After running aground several hundred metres from shore in Santorini's volcanic lagoon, it was towed off the rocks for the rescue to take place.

The weather was good and the sea calm. The passengers were to be collected from Santorini by a sister ship and taken to Piraeus, where they would have ended the cruise on Saturday anyway. Many of the 1,200 passengers are from Germany and the United States, and about 20 are believed to be from the UK. There are also up to 400 crew.

American passenger Cliff Jones said: "We were pulling into the port and I think the ship hit a few rocks. The ship tilted so far to the right the first five floors were flooded. We just waited at the top to be rescued".

The ship had been on a short tour of the Greek islands.
Vocabulary

stricken

потерпевший аварию

to issue

выпускать, зд. посылать

to run aground

садиться на мель

to proceed

протекать, проходить

emergency

аварийный; катастрофа, авария

to tow off

снимать с мели

to pull into

прибывать

to tilt

давать крен

to flood

заливать, затоплять

II. Vocabulary Practice


1. Find an odd word.

  1. list, heel, leak, tilt, roll;

  2. arrive, set off, pull into, reach;

  3. pull, tow, lack, drag;

  4. proceed, continue, carry on, confirm, go on.

2. Form collocations with the word emergency and translate them into Russian:

beacon, crew, control, exit, facilities, ladder, medicine, power, receiver, repair, services, signal.

III. Speech Practice


Rephrase the following sentences:

1.

Passengers told they were taken from the ship on lifeboats.




Lifeboats … … for…

2.

The evacuation proceeded calmly.




There … … panic during…

3.

More than a dozen ships in the area were involved.




The search and rescue operation … … by…

4.

The ship was towed off the rocks for the rescue to take place.




The rescue operation could only … … … after…

5.

The ship was pulling into the port and I think the ship hit a few rocks.




When entering the port the ship might have…

6.

The ship tilted so far to the right the first five floors were flooded.




The first five floors were flooded as a result of…



Text 2 (B). Two lost after the accident


1. Read the text below and fill in the words which fit the best. There is an example.

Two 0) lost after the accident

6 April, 2007

Two French tourists are 1)… after 1,600 passengers and crew were 2)… from a stricken cruise ship Sea Diamond off the Greek island of Santorini.

The ship sank 15 hours after 3)… .

The names of the missing pair were Jean-Christophe, 45, and his daughter Maud Allain, 16, from western France.

They were in a four-berth cabin when the vessel 4)… a reef. Mr Allain's wife and son narrowly managed1 5)… to the upper decks.

The 6)… passengers were being taken to the port of Piraeus, the ship's destination.

Divers are preparing 7)… the wreck, now about 200 m down.

Greek Tourism Minister has said whoever is responsible for 8)… he will be made accountable2 in the strictest way.

2. Speak about the accident. Think about the causes of the accident making deductions (выводы) about why it happened. Use must have (must've) or might have (might've).

Text 3. Причиной крушения у берегов Чукотки гидрографического военного судна могли быть сильный ветер и большая волна


Give a free translation of the text below.

08.07.2008

Следственная комиссия выясняет причины аварии гидрографического (hydrographic) судна Тихоокеанского флота (Pacific fleet) в Анадырском лимане (Anadyr estuary). Гидрографическое судно "Глубомер", в ходе выполнения работ по установке навигационных знаков, получило пробоину и село на мель в 600 метрах от берега. 30 человек экипажа были своевременно (in good time) эвакуированы с борта аварийного судна большим гидрографическим катером. Пострадавших нет. На момент происшествия скорость ветра в акватории порта достигала 12 м/с.

Неделю назад военные гидрографы прибыли на Чукотку и приступили к установке плавучих предостерегающих знаков – буев. Сейчас комиссия решает вопрос, каким образом убрать судно с камней.

Судно "Глубомер" имеет водоизмещение 1300 тонн, длину 60 метров.

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